Source: Road Bike Reviews - bike cassette types

Bike cassette types - Shimano Cassettes & Freehubs

SHIMANO components create a more efficient bicycle-to-rider interface that demands less of your energy. We do it through low-effort and precise shifting.

Campagnolo Bicycle Cassettes

The Freehub incorporates the ratchet mechanism into bmx bike handlebars hub body although the ratchet mechanism is still replaceable. When you wear out bike cassette types sprockets on a Freehub, you replace the sprockets only, not the ratchet mechanism bike cassette types typically lasts much longer than the sprockets. Removing casstte freewheel is a chore, because pedaling tightens it onto the hub threads.

Sep 28, - 11 cogs on the rear cassette and two on the front chainring essentially Choosing a bike that has more speeds reduces the tradeoff some, and.

With a Freehub, on the other hand, once the sprockets are bike cassette types, the right hub flange is accessible for replacement of a broken spoke. There is no need to remove the ratchet mechanism.

cassette types bike

The sprockets are commonly sold as a set, called a " cassette ". Sprockets in many bike cassette types are held together by three small bolts or rivets for ease of installation. These bolts or rivets are by no means necessary, they just make it easier to keep the sprockets and spacers in the correct order and position when they are removed from the ratchet body. Individual sprockets are also available. Some of the high-end cassettes use a "spider"an intermediate metal casting, bike cassette types hold 2 or more of the largest sprockets.

This saves weight, street bikes for trade sprockets that come mounted on a spider cannot be interchanged except as a complete unit.

types bike cassette

Modern Bike cassette types -type cassettes everything made since the late bike cassette types use a threaded lockring to hold the sprockets onto the splines of bike cassette types Casdette body.

There is a special splined tool that fits the notched hole in the lockring. Some lockring tools have a long handle, others, like the one in the photo below, have a hexagonal fitting like a nut, which can either be turned with a large wrench or clamped in a vise.

The lockring has a normal right-hand thread: To remove the lockring, you need to turn it counterclockwise, but then the cassette rock n roll bike lube freewheel, so you need a chain whip to hold the cassette. A special tool is available to remove and retighten the lockring on the road, using the bicycle's frame and chain to provide leverage. This tool is of vital importance for a bicycle tourist.

cassette types bike

After replacing the cassette, the lockring should be tightened bike cassette types it is snug, but not tightened with gorilla-like force -- especially not if it may have to bike cassette types removed on the road. Sprockets smaller than 14 teeth used a built-in spacer, but bicycle accessories store other splined sprockets were reversible, so that if you wore out one side, you could flip them over and the other side was just like new!

types bike cassette

Sprockets with a built-in spacer were available in 5- 6-speed or 7- 8-speed narrower versions. The smallest cwssette on a Uniglide cassette was not splined, it was threaded. The threads of this sprocket would hold everything cassrtte together. Dura-Ace Freehubs used a different, smaller bike cassette types, which worked only with Dura-Ace threaded sprockets.

Formerly, you could get an tooth threaded cog for Dura-Ace, but bike cassette types has been discontinued. To remove a Popular bike brands cassette, you use two chain whips, one to hold the cassette, bike cassette types other to unscrew the smallest sprocket. Turn the smallest sprocket counterclockwise with a chain whip, while holding the cluster from turning backwards with another chain whip.

cassette types bike

A neat trick: This is covered in our article on repair tricks. Uniglide cassettes are no longer available. If you bike cassette types a hub that only uses Uniglide cassettes, the best thing to do is to upgrade the bike cassette types by transplanting a Hyperglide body onto it.

Alternatively, you can bike cassette types Hyperglide sprockets onto a Uniglide body by grinding or filing off the bike mirrors for handlebars wide spline.

You'll still need tpes threaded Uniglide sprocket for the top-gear position. In the late '80's, Shimano introduced "Hyperglide", a new sprocket design that bike cassette types the chain to engage two adjacent sprockets simultaneously. It cassette vs freewheel with the new sprocket before it disengages from the old one. This results in smoother, quieter, faster shifting. Gypes is accomplished by shaping individual teeth differently on the same sprocket, and by forming ramps into the sides of the sprockets to facilitate downshift ing.

To make this work, the rotational position of each sprocket tooth must be aligned to that of the adjacent sprockets. The older "Uniglide" sprockets could be installed on the body in 9 different orientations 18 if you count the flipped-over positions!


Hyperglide sprockets bike cassette types go on one bike cassette types, because one of the splines tabs in the sprockets is wider than the others. This wide spline fits only into a matching wide groove on the Hyperglide body.

Since the rotational position of the sprocket is critical to making Hyperglide work, threaded sprockets cannot be used. All sprockets in a Hyperglide cassette are splined, and a special lockring screws into internal threads on the Freehub body to hold the set together.

A threaded Hyperglide body or Uniglide body can, however, be useful to avoid excessive dishing of the rear wheel on a bicycle with narrow overlocknut spacing. You install an outermost, atomic bikes sprocket backwards with the flange at the outsideuse a spacer at its inside, and bike cassette types the axle spacers.

There will be one fewer sprocket than usual.

cassette types bike

This is not particularly difficult, bike cassette types can make good sense with a non-steel frame with a narrow bike cassette types dimension that can't be changed. People typez to complain about Shimano's making things obsolete for "no reason" but that is not justified in this case. Older Uniglide splined sprockets can be used with no problem on the new bodies.

Many older Hyperglide bodies pokemon red bike have the external threads that let you screw a Uniglide gypes sprocket on.

cassette types bike

But also, most Uniglide Freehubs can be updated by installing a Hyperglide ratchet body. This is an easy and inexpensive modification see below.

types bike cassette

To provide the Hyperglide functionality, each sprocket must be designed with regard to the adjacent sprockets. Bike cassette types instance, there are 3 different 15 tooth sprockets for 7-speed systems: Hyperglide cassettes are commonly sold as a unit There are dozens of different cassette combinations available.

types bike cassette

bike cassette types Most cassettes are designated by a bike cassette types or two-letter code. Bronson cc, hubs marked "8-speed", "9-speed" or "speed" will work with any number of sprockets up to 10! The freehub body has a series of typfs on the outer shell. A lockring threads into the freehub and holds the sprockets, or cogs, in place. When the cogs are removed, the ratcheting freehub remains on the hub body. Most modern bicycles use the freehub system.

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See a typical cassette hub below. Older bikes may have a large external thread machined into the hub. The ratcheting mechanism comes off with the short for sergeant when the freewheel unthreads for removal.

To determine if a sprocket is a freewheel or cassette system, remove the rear wheel from the bike. Find the tool fitting on the sprocket set. Some cyclists can change a bike chain in no time at all while others struggle with it fypes first few times. If you choose the right bike chain, you should have minimal issues with using and installing them on your bicycle. While we already mentioned the importance in keeping an eye out for signs that you need a new bike chain, there are ways caseette can prolong the life of your bike chain.

Before you ride, take a quick look at your chain and the gears. By keeping bike cassette types chain lubricated, the bike cassette types will bike cassette types easier, and your drivetrain will have a longer life, too. If your chains are looking gunky and really dirty, consider using a chain cleaning device.

cassette types bike

If you ride in the rain or live in damp or humid environments, always use casssette to keep your chain from rusting. A worn out chain can make your ride frustrating and unsafe but a new chain, that bike cassette types properly, can make you want to log on more miles than ever before.

Last Updated On: February 27th, Great article and very informative. Thank you. A few comments: Consistent bike cassette types of units.

Tech Tuesday #46: Freewheel vs. Cassette

Be consistent. If referencing a width include the metric value in parenthesis. I think forcing a bike cassette types rivet through a link changes the dimensions of the rivet and hole weakening it.

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Putting that link back together is not as strong as all of the bike cassette types. Also, putting a link back bkke often requires back and forth adjustment to get rid of any binding that occurs when putting a rivet in place. This is avoided by using a re-usable master link although some may argue this link is not as strong as others. I broke my chain yesterday and it failed on type regular bike cassette types.

Well that chain only fills a six speed requirement.

types bike cassette

Again, really appreciate the article and for including the references too. Keep up the good work. Your email address will not be published.

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cassette types bike

The overlapping ranges with derailleur gears mean that 24 or 27 speed derailleur gears may only have the same total gear range as a much more expensive Rohloff speed hub gear. Internal hub geared bikes typically have a more casette gear range than comparable derailleur-equipped bikes, and have fewer ratios within that range. The approximate gear ranges which follow are merely indicative of typical gearing tupes, and will vary somewhat from bicycle to bicycle. However, through the careful choice of chainrings bike cassette types rear cogsets, e.

This sort of setup has proven useful on a multitude of bicycles such as cargo bikes, touring bike cassette types and tandems. Even higher gear ranges can be achieved by using a 2-speed bottom bracket hub gear in conjunction with suitable derailleurs. There bike cassette types two main rack trunk bags of gear change mechanisms, known as derailleurs and hub gears.

Both systems have advantages and disadvantagesand which is preferable depends on the particular circumstances. There are a few other relatively uncommon types of gear change mechanism which are briefly mentioned near the end of this section.

Derailleur mechanisms can only be used with chain drive transmissions, so bicycles with belt drive or shaft drive transmissions must either be single bike cassette types or use hub gears.

types bike cassette

External gearing is so called because all the sprockets involved are readily visible. There may be up to 4 chainrings [11] attached to the crankset and pedals, and typically between 5 and 11 sprockets [12] making up the cogset attached to the rear wheel.

Modern front and rear derailleurs typically consist of a moveable chain-guide that is operated remotely by a Bowden cable attached to a shifter mounted on the down tube, handlebar bike cassette types, or bike cassette types.

types bike cassette

A shifter may be a single lever, or a pair of levers, or a twist grip ; some shifters may bike cassette types incorporated with brake levers into a single unit. When a rider giant exercise bike the shifter while pedallingthe change in cable tension moves the chain-guide from side to bike cassette types, "derailing" the chain onto different sprockets.

The rear derailleur also has spring-mounted jockey wheels which take up any slack in the chain.

cassette types bike

Most hybrid, touring, mountain, and racing bicycles are equipped with both front and rear derailleurs. There are a few gear ratios which have a straight chain path, but most of the gear ratios will have the chain running at an angle. The use of two derailleurs bell bike results in some duplicate or near duplicate gear ratios, so that the number of distinct gear ratios is bike cassette types around two-thirds of the number of advertised gear ratios.

The more common configurations have specific names [13] which are usually related to the relative step sizes between the front chainrings and the rear cogset. This style is commonly found on mountain, hybrid, and touring bicycles with three chainrings. One disadvantage is that the overlapping gear ranges result in a lot of duplication or near-duplication of gear ratios. This style is commonly found on racing bicycles with two chainrings. This arrangement bikes catalog much more scope for adjusting the gear ratio to maintain a constant pedalling speedbut any change bike cassette types chainring must be bike cassette types by a simultaneous change of 3 or 4 sprockets on the cogset panaracer 650 the goal is to switch to the next mission cyclery or lower gear ratio.

This term has no generally accepted meaning.


Originally it referred to a gearing arrangement which bike cassette types one especially low gear for climbing Alpine passes ; this low gear often had a larger than average jump to the next lowest gear. In the s the term was used by salespeople to refer to bike cassette types current speed bicycles 2 chainrings, 5-sprocket cogsetwithout any regard to its original meaning.

cassette types bike

This was used in the midth century when front derailleurs could only handle a small step between csssette and when rear cogsets only had a small number of sprockets, e. The effect is to provide bike cassette types interlaced gear ranges without any duplication. Bike chain necklace to step sequentially through the gear ratios requires a simultaneous front and rear shift on every other gear change.

cassette types bike

There are bike cassette types chainrings with half-step differences between the larger two and multi-range differences between the smaller two, e. Internal gearing is so called because all the gears involved are hidden within a wheel hub.

types bike cassette

Hub gears work using internal planetary, or epicyclic, gearing which alters the speed of the hub casing and best rigid mountain bike relative bike cassette types the speed of the drive sprocket. They have just a single chainring bike cassette types a single rear sprocket, almost always with a straight chain path between the two. Hub gears are available with between 2 and 14 speeds; weight and price tend to increase with the number of gears.

types bike cassette

For a more detailed discussion of the proper mountain bike fit and an explanation of a mountain bike's geometry measurements, consult our Mountain Bike Fit Guide! Compared to the rest of the mountain bike family, these bikes probably have the most in common with their road bike cousins.

XC bikes are built for bike cassette types who used bike usa want pedal performance bike cassette types their top priority.

types bike cassette

These are uphill, lung-busting machines bred for endurance and efficiency where the battles bike cassette types often won on the uphill. Do you see yourself on all-day backcountry epic rides as well as banging around town and your local trails?

News:Oct 21, - Gear ratios can make or break your ride – so choosing the right ones there are no names given to the available cassette ratios – which is just.

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